Did you know that growing sunflowers in pots is easier than you might think? By starting with smaller varieties and following a few simple gardening tips, you can enjoy the fun of watching these vibrant beauties come to life.
1. Choose Dwarf Varieties
When choosing which varieties of sunflower to plant in pots, consider dwarf sunflowers because they are much smaller. These varieties will fit into smaller pots better. They will also make better indoor and patio plants since they won’t grow super tall. You might like Suntastic, Sunbuzz, Sunfinity, or Teddy Bear Sunflowers. These are all great dwarf sunflower varieties for planting in pots on the patio or indoors.
2. Choose The Right Pots
The next step in growing sunflowers is to pick out a pot that’s large enough for the variety. There are many different types of sunflowers, each of which tends to grow to different heights. For instance, florist sunflowers can grow up to 6 feet tall, so it’s important to choose a large pot with plenty of room for the plant to expand. Dwarf sunflowers are generally fine in a flowerpot, but the 4′-5′ varieties do better in a big container like a whiskey barrel garden.
You’ll want to make sure that your pot has drainage holes at the bottom, too, so that excess water can drain away from the roots. If possible, go with deep pots that have plenty of room for soil and root growth.
3. Use Well-Draining Soil
Well-draining soil is key to a healthy sunflower plant. The top of the soil should be able to dry out between waterings, so a potting mix with perlite or coconut coir works best. The potting mix should hold enough water for the plant but let any excess water drain out easily. Here are some great potting soil options for growing sunflowers in planters:
4. Water Consistently
When growing sunflowers in pots, it’s important to remember that plants need consistent watering. Sunflowers in small pots should be watered once a day if the weather is hot and dry. Flowers in larger pots that don’t dry out quite as quickly may only need to be watered once per week unless it’s very hot out.
To ensure your sunflower gets enough water, try watering it early in the morning or late at night when temperatures and evaporation rates are lower. It’s also best to water at the base of your plant rather than overhead so as not to encourage fungus growth on its leaves.
5. Provide Adequate Sunlight
Sunflowers need at least six hours of direct sunlight every day (and eight or more is better). If you’re planting in a container, you can move it around to get the right amount of sun. Set your pot on a dolly or wheels so that you can move it around as needed.
With sunflowers, more sun is usually better. This is only true, however, if the sunflower has adequate water. Sunflowers grown in pots can dry out much faster than sunflowers grown in the ground, and so they may need to be kept out of the sun if they can’t be watered frequently.
Shade cloth is a thin fabric that blocks out the sunlight. It can be used as a way to protect your sunflowers from too much heat and sun exposure, which will help them grow better if you live in a very hot climate and can’t water the plant as frequently as you’d like to. You’ll definitely want to use shade cloth if you live in an area where temperatures are consistently above 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 C) and/or there’s no rain for weeks at a time while the sunflowers are growing.
6. Consider Companion Planting
Consider companion planting if you’re growing your sunflower in a large pot. Plant some nasturtium seeds and let the vines trail down the side of the pot, or plant a few lettuce seeds at the base of the sunflower for some baby salad greens. Here are some more companion plants for sunflowers to consider.
7. Fertilize Regularly
If you’ve ever grown plants, you know that they need food in order to grow. The plants need nutrient-rich fertilizer on a regular basis. Some potting mixes already contain fertilizer, but others will need to have plant food added. A dry granular slow-release product is the easiest to apply.
8. Deadhead Flowers Regularly
Once the sunflowers start to grow and flower, you should prune off dead flowers regularly. Many dwarf varieties like Suntastic are branching varieties that naturally have many side shoots that grow from their main stems (or main branches). Deadheading helps keep them healthy and encourages more flowers.
9. Stake Sunflowers In Pots
To keep your sunflowers standing tall, you’ll likely want to stake them. Sunflowers grown in pots are not as stable as the flowers grown in the ground, and require staking more often. Staking will ensure that the plant doesn’t fall over and avoid damaging the stem and leaves.
When you are staking a sunflower, it’s important to keep in mind that they can be staked when they’re young too! The stem will grow thicker as the plant grows older so it is important to start early if you want your plants to maintain an upright stance for longer periods of time later on.
10. Watch For Sunflower Pests and Diseases
When you’re growing sunflowers in pots, it’s important to be on the lookout for pests and diseases.
Look at the leaves of your plants. Are they green? They should also not have brown or yellow spots on them (this is called chlorosis). Remove any leaves that are very damaged.
Also, look out for pests like aphids and other bugs that like to feed on the sunflowers. Spray them off with water or treat them with an organic insecticide.